"Day of Women in Science"
Yet, in tertiary education globally, women are underrepresented in computing, engineering and physics, with levels below 30 per cent in most countries. Consequently, fewer than one third of jobs in the tech sector are currently held by women. Engineering roles comprise only about half of those jobs. As women work their way up the career ladder, this gender gap widens. Freedom and equality are often contingent on intersectional factors like income, geography, gender, income, age and race. These factors can also affect access to technology. In developing countries women are nearly 25 per cent less likely to be online than men and 200 million fewer women than men have access to mobile phones. In several of Africa's poorer and more fragile countries, only one person in 10 is an internet user. To ensure women and girls have access, a host of issues must be resolved, including cost, network coverage, security and harassment, harmful social norms and stereotypes around science being a “masculine” field, and the use of technology by women and girls.
UNESCO estimated that 2.5 million new engineers and technicians would be needed in sub-Saharan Africa alone to achieve improved access to clean water and sanitation during the pre-SDG era.
Closing the gender digital divide is one of the most important ways we have to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals for all. Together, on this International Day of Women and Girls in Science, we can work together to create a world where women and girls design, shape and benefit from the technological transformations changing our world.
- See more at: www.unwomen.org
Sheryl Sorby: Recruiting Women For Science, Technology, Engineering & Maths (STEM)WWatch this great TEDxTalk about of Women in Science
Science plays an important role for sustainable development from informing the formulation of evidence-based targets and indicators, to assessing progress, testing solutions, and identifying emerging risks and opportunities. The Sustainable Development Goals and 2030 Development Agenda pose a number of conceptual as well as implementation challenges that will require enhancing the close collaboration between the policy and scientific communities and other stakeholders.
In social terms, the involvement of women in science is nothing less than a moral imperative. Gender equality beginning with access to educational resources is, according the 4th World Conference on Women, an inalienable, integral, and indivisible part of all human rights and freedoms.
In economic terms, the involvement of women in science is a necessity. They are regarded as an important factor of growth and development both in the case of developed and developing countries.
Mae Jemison: the first African American woman in space “I want to make sure we use all our talent, not just 25 percent. Don’t let anyone rob you of your imagination, your creativity, or your curiosity. It’s your place in the world; it’s your life. Go on and do all you can with it, and make it the life you want to live.”
In terms of the environment, women in science play an essential role in the development of sustainable and ecologically sound patterns of consumption and production, along with approaches to natural resource management. Through their management and use of natural resources, women provide sustenance to their families and communities. As consumers and producers, caretakers of their families and educators, women play an important role in promoting sustainable development through their concern for the quality and sustainability of life for present and future generations.
In terms of culture, lack of access for women, and in particular to science, creates cultural barriers that ripple throughout communities, undermining the perception of these rights and freedoms among children, especially girls.
Only 3% of engineering degree applicants in the UK are girls and 6% of the UK engineering workforce are female. That’s right, it’s in the single digits!
Today The UN Celebrates Girls & Women In Science Globallyhttps://t.co/vV1gKoMl7W #DayOfWomenInScience #WomenInSTEM #WomenInScience 🚀 pic.twitter.com/wsXwv1APzA— Vinita M (@Rocket_Woman1) February 11, 2017
96% of the world’s software engineers are men. The average salary for a software engineer in the US was close to $100,000, one of the top paying jobs in the country, with a similar trend worldwide.
May-Britt Moser: Neurologist who was awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for work on the brain’s positioning system “I’m excited because earlier I didn’t think about the issues between females and males in science. I see now that there’s so much that can stop a woman from getting a career compared to a man. With men you’re expected to do well and get the support, but for females, you have to sacrifice something in a different way from men, and I didn’t realize that earlier. I think it’s very important for other woman to see that I have had success.”
Women in Science: Explore the data
Interactive tool produced by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
THE DAY.. in brief
Paragraph 119 of the Synthesis Report states that “we have a long way to go to reach the necessary level of participation of women and girls in science, technology (including ICTs), engineering and mathematics for the world in the 21st century.
Rita Levi-Montalcini: Neurobiologist, won the Nobel Prize for her discovery of growth factors in 1986 “If I had not been discriminated against or had not suffered persecution, I would never have received the Nobel Prize”.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to a great degree need a strong science base, and this cannot be achieved at any level unless girls and women have an incentive, such as recognition and the example of role models, to have in front of them. Inclusion of an International Day of women and Girls in Science annually on 11 February during the annual session of the Commission on Social Development would bring the issue of advanced education in all scientific fields to wide public attention and help to popularize many of the SDGs in the mind of the greater public.
The commemoration of the day will also enable people worldwide to discuss the many existing challenges and issues facing women and societies today, and then to determine the indispensable solutions, actions, policies and programmes to overcome these issues through science-based accomplishments in sustainable development by women in science.
Following outreach to a number of partners and stakeholders at all levels and with RASIT’s partnership with the Ministry for Social Dialogue, Consumer Affairs and Civil Liberties, the Republic of Malta, a milestone year was reached in which the 70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution (70/212) proclaiming February 11th annually the International Day of Women and Girls in Science. The sponsorship of more than 68 countries and the approval of all Member States to the resolution signals the global community's interest in transforming our world through achieving gender parity in educational opportunity and scientific participation.
The First Commemoration was organised by the Royal Academy of Science International Trust (RASIT) and held at the United Nations Headquarters, with participation by UN Member States, the two focal points of UNESCO and UN Women, UN DESA, private sector, academia, and other civil society actors, including girls in science and a special introduction of a "He for She" element.
Gertrude Elion: Biochemist and Pharmacologist, awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1988 “I hadn’t been aware that there were doors closed to me until I started knocking on them. I went to an all-girls school. There were 75 chemistry majors in that class, but most were going to teach it … When I got out and they didn’t want women in the laboratory, it was a shock . . . It was the Depression and nobody was getting jobs. But I had taken that to mean nobody was getting jobs . . . [then I heard] ‘You’re qualified. But we’ve never had a woman in the laboratory before, and we think you’d be a distracting influence.’”
Women account for less than 30% of researchers worldwide
An extraordinary level of political will has been revealed to shift the world onto a more sustainable and resilient path, building on the unfinished agenda of the Millennium Development Goals, with the participation of all countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnerships. Making the inclusive world envisioned in the 2030 Agenda a reality, and to ensure effective implementation for people, planet, and prosperity, the empowerment of women in science and the participation of the media are required.
Linda B. Buck: Biologist who was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine “As a woman in science, I sincerely hope that my receiving a Nobel Prize will send a message to young women everywhere that the doors are open to them and that they should follow their dreams.”
UNESCO Science Report
For two decades now, the UNESCO Science Report series has been mapping science, technology and innovation (STI) around the world on a regular basis. Since STI do not evolve in a vacuum, this latest edition summarizes the evolution since 2010 against the backdrop of socio-economic, geopolitical and environmental trends that have helped to shape contemporary STI policy and governance.
The report is available for download (pdf). You can also order a copy.
- See more at: www.unwomen.org
"No Copyright Infringement Intended, Strictly For Promotional Purposes Only! All Rights Reserved To Their Respective Owners."
"Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use."